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CO2 Essential Oil Extraction Equipment

The CO2 essential oil extraction equipment is very popular because the CO2 oil extractor produces very clean essential oils without solvent residues that can be left behind, at the same time it can enhance the potency of essential oils and terpenes.

CO2 Essential Oil Extraction Equipment

CO2 Essential Oil Extraction Equipment consists of CO2 pressurization system, extraction and separation system, CO2 circulation system, cleaning system(large CO2 oil extractor), coslovent system, cold water circulation system, hot water circulation system, rack platform, control system, gas recovery system, etc.
CO2 Rose Essential Oil Extraction Equipment

The CO2 essential oil extraction equipment is normally equipped with: 2 to 3 or up to 6 extractors, 2 to 3 separation containers, and in special cases, a CO2 fractionation system (rectification column) will be equipped at the same time for special process extraction, such as countercurrent extraction of capsanthin; Or to separate unwanted substances like waxes, chlorophyll.

The extraction solvent is carbon dioxide(CO2 gas), and the working medium (CO2 gas) can be recycled. The pressure and temperature of the extraction vessels and the separation vessels are automatically controlled and can realize computer remote monitoring, record storage, and report printing of process parameters; the extraction vessels work alternately or independently, and the extraction vessel top seals are a clamp-type pneumatic quick-opening structure.

The inner walls, pipes, and fittings of the essential CO2 oil extractor in contact with the material and the circulating water jacket are made of 304 (standard) or 316 (customized) stainless steel material with acid and alkali resistance that is suitable for food hygiene and GMP requirements.

Main Components of CO2 Essential Oil Extraction Equipment

  • Extraction & Separation
    • Extraction Vessels
    • Separation Vessels
  • Pump
    • High-Pressure CO2 Pump
    • Cosolvent Pump
    • CO2 Recovery Pump
  • CO2 Storage TankFiltration Vessel
  • Mixer
  • Temperature control system
    • Electric Heating Water Tanks
    • Chiller

Feature

  1. Design and configuration according to the optimal operating parameters and actual needs of customers;
  2. The safety devices of different principles are arranged side by side at the same point to make the whole system safe and reliable;
  3. According to the actual situation of different materials, choose different quick-opening structures and loading and unloading materials;
  4. Equipment layout and planning can be carried out according to the actual situation of the customer;
  5. The self-control level is high, and the product quality and experimental data are stable and reliable, which is suitable for the design basis and small-scale production for industrial scale-up;

Essential oil CO2 extraction process

The density of CO2 under high pressure and low temperature is close to that of liquid while retaining some of the properties of ordinary gas. It is called “supercritical CO2 fluid”, which has the strong dissolving ability.

The supercritical carbon dioxide extraction method enables the extraction of essential oils at room temperature without using solvents harmful to the human body, and can better protect the natural activity of the product. It is a more advanced “green separation technology”.

The whole CO2 extraction process is carried out at a low temperature, and the essential oil is dissolved from the plant under very high pressure, so the fragrance is not affected by heat. Due to the short extraction time, no chemical solvent is involved in the extraction, and the essence has no chemical reaction.

10 steps of supercritical CO2 extraction of essential oils?

  1. Load extraction vessel with biomass.
  2. Bring each vessel to working pressure using CO2 from supply cylinders.
  3. Create supercritical CO2 fluid.
  4. Alter pressure and temperature, depending on what’s being extracted and the goals of the extraction.
  5. Pass the supercritical CO2 through an extractor containing the plant matter itself.
  6. In Extraction Vessel, compounds are pulled from biomass into solution.
  7. Solvent (CO2) is boiled out of solution in Separator 1.
  8. Evaporated CO2 is condensed into liquid and stored in Accumulator.
  9. Pass the new solution through a separator to quickly and easily remove (and recycle!) the liquid CO2.
  10. After the allotted run time, the system is depressurized by releasing CO2 through Separator 2 or 3. (Popular CO2 machines are often equipped with 3 separators: Waxes separation and Light oil separation in 1st separator. Light oil separation in 2nd separator. To trap lightest and volatile compounds in 3rd separator.)

5 advantages of the CO2 extraction process of essential oils

There are innumerable advantages of CO2 extracted essential oils whereby they have gained huge popularity.
Some of them are listed below:

  • 100% Pure & Natural: For the purpose of obtaining the purest form of CO2 grade essential oils, the extraction process is carried out at a lower temperature by using carbon dioxide which is not only nontoxic but odorless too.
  • Free from Leftover Residues: There is no serious concern about leftover residues in CO2 grade essential oils since only supercritical carbon dioxide is utilized for their extraction process under ambient temperature.
  • Therapeutic Properties: The extraction process of CO2 possesses the great ability to obtain the maximum level of therapeutic components from botanical materials like plants and herbs.
  • Pleasurable Natural Aroma: CO2-grade essential oils are widely cherished for their natural fragrance which resembles the original plant material as they are extracted without solvent & heat.
  • Free From Adulteration: The CO2 extraction method is the perfect choice for the preparation of 100% natural essential oils as they have not been extracted from any petroleum derivatives-based products like hexane or butane.

Differences between: Cold-pressed method, CO2 extraction method, Hydro-distillation method, and Solvent extraction method.

Cold Pressed methodCO2 Extraction methodHydro-Distillation methodSolvent extraction method
Utilized for the extraction of Carrier and Base Oils.Utilized for the extraction of premium-quality Essential Oils.Utilized for the extraction of Attars.Utilized for the extraction of Absolutes.
Usually, oily nuts and fruits are taken for the extraction of Carrier & Base Oils.The aromatic parts of the plants like Leaves, Flowers, Stems, etc. are used for the extraction of Essential Oils.Floral parts, petals, and leaves are taken from the plants & herbs for the extraction of Attars.Any desired part of the plant can be utilized for the extraction of Absolutes.
Without any involvement of carrier, only compression of botanical material works to obtain Carrier & Base Oil.CO2 is used as a carrier to obtain the oil from the parts of the plant.Water is used as a carrier for the purpose of extracting the oil content from the fragrant parts of plants.Hexane, ethanol, methanol, or petroleum ether is used for the extraction of oil content from botanical materials.
The mechanical pressure and usual temperature are used to obtain Carrier or Base Oils.For the extraction of Essential Oils, only high pressure is required. The CO2 extraction process occurs at a moderate temperature.In order to obtain the final product, high heat is used to evaporate the water content from the mixture.Only mild heat is used to enhance the evaporation rate of the solvent. Also, cooling may be required at last.